Free 2018 International Student Handbook
NOC (0, A, b) Job introduction
The importance of Canada's National Occupation Classification (NOC), the standard for the classification and definition of all Canadian occupations, is also the only designated reference for immigration authorities in reviewing applicants' occupational categories. The NOCs are divided into 10 categories: Broad occupational category, 40 Major groups, 140 Minor groups and 500 Unit groups. NOC Code is composed of four numbers, the first number represents the class, the first two numbers represent the main group, the first three numbers represent the subordinate group, the four numbers together indicate the belongs Unit group. Under this category, there are about 40,000 occupations belonging to these 500 unit groups, and all of the occupations in this 500 unit group are intended to be included but do not cover all occupations. Therefore, specific to see which category belongs to a job, but also need to compare specific job descriptions to determine.
So how to determine your occupation belongs to a specific category, whether the corresponding standards, which requires you have a clear understanding on NOC. After reading this article, you will have a very clear idea.
The NOC's classification is based on skill categories and skill levels. The first digit of the NOC Code represents the skill category to which it belongs, which is the 10 major categories mentioned above, which include:
0 - manager position
1 - Commercial, financial, administrative related positions
2 - Nature, Applied Science related positions
3 - Health, medical related positions
4 - Education, Law, Society, Community, Government Services related positions
5 - Arts, Culture, Entertainment, Sports related positions
6 - Sales, service related positions
7 - Trading, transportation, equipment operations related positions
8 - Natural Resources, Agricultural Production Related Positions
9 - Manufacturing, energy related jobs
Although skill levels are grouped by education and training, this does not mean that the requirement to meet these education or training can not be classified as appropriate. The horizontal category is only intended to reflect the entry requirements of each position. It is not intended to limit the classification of job categories. Other factors, such as entry requirements and job duties, are also taken into consideration.
The classification of NOCs is mainly based on two factors: 1. job duties; 2. job requirements. In the area of immigration, we have the following five categories of occupations most commonly used:
1. Management level (beginning with 0):
a. Restaurant Managers
b. Mine Managers
Shore Captains (Fishing)
2. Professional category (usually graduated from university, belonging to category A):
3. Technical work category (usually college or apprenticeship, in category B):
4. Skilled work category (usually high school graduates or to participate in vocational training courses, C):
a. Industrial Butchers
b. Long-haul Truck Drivers
c. Food and Beverage Servers
5. Workforce categories (usually on-the-job training, category D)
a. Fruit Pickers Fruit Picker
b. Cleaning Staff
c. Oil Field Workers
The more popular 0, A, B positions attribution standards are as follows:
· Almost all of the senior manager positions (Manager) belong to 0 categories
· Almost all professional jobs belong to category A, such as auditors, accountants, engineers, architects, dentists, pharmacists, lawyers, librarians, artists and others.
· Almost all technical occupations fall into category B.
Of course, there is a simple standard to measure which level the NOC belongs to. As we said earlier, the NOC consists of four numbers, except that all NOC codes whose first digit is 0 belong to the management level, NOC class 0, others all focus on the second number, described as follows:
1. If the first digit is 0 (no matter what the back of the number is), it belongs to the NOC 0 category, management level; such as NOC 0111 Fiancial Manager; NOC 0631 Restaurant Manager;
2. The second digit is 0 and 1 and belongs to NOC Class A; NOC 4011 University Professor, NOC 1111 Accoutant
3. The second figure, numbers 2 and 3, belongs to NOC Category B; NOC 1241 Administrative Assistant; NOC 6311 Food Service Supervisor
4. The second figure, numbers 4 and 5, belongs to NOC Category C; NOC 6411 Sales Representative
Through the above example, we now see a NOC code, you should be able to judge.
Here we introduce some popular immigration positions:
1. COOKS NOC 6322 Class B.
2. FOOD SERVICE SUPERVISORS NOC 6311 Class B.
3. ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS NOC 1221 Class B.
4. ADMINISTRATIVEASSISTANTS NOC 1241 Class B.
5. ACCOUNTING TECHNICIANS AND BOOKKEEPERS NOC 1311 Category B
6. RETAIL SALES SUPERVISORS NOC 6211 Category B.
7. FINANCIAL SALES REPRESENTATIVES NOC 6235 Category B.
8. FINANCIAL AND INVESTMENT ANALYSTS NOC 1112 Class A.
9. COMPUTER ENGINEERS NOC 2147 Class A.
10. COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS NOC 2174 Class A.
As students have just graduated, they have less work experience in the search for a job. The first job may not be directly to NOC 0, A or B category, so we will summarize some of the C jobs you regularly encounter but do not meet the EE immigration requirements:
1. RECEPTIONIST NOC 1414
2. BANKING, INSURANCE AND OTHER FINANCIAL CLERKS NOC 1434
3. ACCOUNTING AND PAYROLL CLERKS 1423
4. DENTAL ASSISTANTS NOC 3411
5. RETAIL SALESPERSON NOC 6421
6. DISPATCHERS 1525
However, these attribution standards are relative, for reference only, specific positions and attribution categories, all need to consider the multi-factor specific analysis. The most important factor in examining applicants for job vacancies in immigration officials is that the nature and content of the job do not conform to the occupational definition and job responsibilities of a certain Code and do not need to be exactly the same. However, most of the contents are suitable NOC duties; another important factor is to see whether the salary is reasonable, the applicant's salary level is consistent with the average wage of a certain Code, there are other supporting situations.
Next we share with you two students in their application for immigration due to job problems encountered by the twists and turns:
Case Study 1:
Xiao A worked in a travel agency and submitted his own immigration application after one year of work. In the submitted employer letter, the post is Travel Consultant and belongs to a category A position. Shortly afterwards, however, Xiao A received a refusal letter stating that although the job belongs to the category A, the employer's letter of job duties provided by the employee A is consistent with the category C travel representative. Small A is a college graduate with a salary of $ 12 / hour and does not meet the salary and education qualifications of Travel consultant.
Later on, we found a case study, we analyzed the specific case, made a reasonable explanation and submitted the application again (Xiao A continued to work in the company and later got the promotion and submitted the application with the new post). Approved.
Summary: The rationality is the visa officer to consider whether the position of the applicant to achieve an important basis for immigration positions, a small A Although written in the A class Job title, but both in terms of job duties, academic qualifications or salaries are not written A type of job requirements, it is reasonable to be rejected.
Case Study 2:
Little B works for a Chinese company with a job title of Computer Network Technician, NOC 2281, belongs to category B, and the applicant's salary is $ 15 / hour (the minimum salary for this position is $ 21 / hour). Applicants also submit their own applications, the employer's job duties in the letter and the NOC listed in the job responsibilities match. However, he was still questioned by the immigration officer, asking the employer to explain why the post had an average minimum wage of $ 21 / hr in the labor market but gave his employees 13 / hr because the immigration authorities suspect that the applicant was engaged in a lower-level position work.
After receiving the Immigration Department's letter of preparedness for refusal, B found the student studying abroad. After careful discussion, he supplemented all kinds of supporting documents and the explanation letter from his employer. Happily, the immigration officer eventually accepted the explanation of both B and his employer. Support documents and approved small B immigrant applications.
Summary: Salary is not the only criterion for judging eligibility for job applicants. If there is any discrepancy, reasonable explanations and more proof of position also have a great chance of persuading immigration officers. Of course, there will be some risks. It is suggested that applicants should pay special attention in this respect.